Vietnamese Architecture – Reflecting One Part of Vietnamese Culture

Vietnam architecture is a composition of both Asian and European style. Its history can be divided into highlight stages, namely ancient architecture, colonial architecture, new architecture, and contemporary architecture.

One among of outstanding things to foreigners is architecture that reflects one part of Vietnamese culture. Although Vietnam architecture was influenced by Western Style, China during colonial time but we also created our unique architecture. And afterunnumbered wars, the refinement of Vietnamese architecture continues to be well presented in Hanoi Old Quarter, Vietnam ethnic stilt houses and myriad of temples and pagodas, communal houses, ancient villages across the country.

Located on the Indochina Peninsula, Vietnam and its building fabric are tied to the country’s hilly and densely forested landscape. The diverse topography between the northern highlands and southern lowlands led to a varied climate, where architecture had to meet different thermal and liminal considerations. Constructed amidst basalt plateaus, continuous coastlines and the Red River Delta, Vietnamese architecture adopted a nimble and adaptable nature.

Traditional Architecture
Traditional Architecture

According to Vietnam Architecture Association “the process development of Vietnam’s ancient design is expounded with the natural surroundingsand socio-economical state of affairs. From the tiny monument like traditional design to the sophisticated and grandiose buildings like palaces, the native materials were taken in used like bamboo, wood, leaves, stone, etc and later are brick, ceramic, pottery, etc. The systems of pillar, frame, and beam are stipulated in terms of ration, correlation and dimension”.

Ancient architecture

In particular, the development of Vietnam architecture is different in each period history. The original Vietnamese design ought to be originated from the Hung Kings dynasty. At that time, wood was used as most material for building house to protect people from wild animal. They designed their house in two mirrored shapes: one was boat formed and another different was tortoise – shell shaped.

1. Ly Dynasty

Ly Dynasty Typical Roof
Ly Dynasty Typical Roof

In 11th century, Ly dynasty opened the new change for architecture during developing feudal state. Generally, Ly dynasty’s architecture was five orthodox styles: citadels, palaces, castles, pagodas, and houses. It was influenced by Buddhism and served Buddhism. So Thang Long capital culture deeply mirrored characteristic of the tower-pagoda. In 1031, there were 950 pagodas that built during King Ly Thai Tong.

The feature of architecture under Ly dynasty was high residential complexes, a lot of decorative roofs, doors, door-steps, banisters, and rounded statues. All is suitable with the Vietnam climate and Vietnam folk customs.

2. Tran Dynasty

Pho Minh Tower
Pho Minh Tower

The popular works under Tran Dynasty were pagoda, house, temple, and citadel. Some significant pagodas at this time are Binh Son Tower (Vinh Phuc province), Pho Minh Tower (Nam Dinh province), Thai Lac pagoda (Hung Yen province).

The complexness and structure of Pho Minh temple is an impressive example of the art form of the Tran dynasty and thesubsequent centuries. The structure was designed in three main sections: the lobby, main hall, and sanctuary. Interior garden and yard played an important part in total structure complex. It expresses universe opinion.

The royal palace structure was designed with upper – floors and systems of consecutive corridors in an open-air space that was suitable for tropical climate.

3. Le Dynasty

But Thap Pagoda
But Thap Pagoda

Under King Le reign, the orthodox architecture was royal palace and royal tomb. In 16th and 17th century, religion architecture got the new advance.

But Thap temple in Bac Ninh Province is known for its structure and its decorative statue. Once social organisation lost quality, folk-artcontinued to be reflected in carvings and paintings, hunting, sloughing, wrestling, and cutting.The pagoda andtemple construction techniques achieved progress throughout the eighteenthcentury.  Two pearl of architecture at that time were Tay Phuong pagoda and Bang Communal House.

4. Nguyen Dynasty

The pavilion of the constellation of literature (Khue Van Cac) in the Temple of Literature.
The pavilion of the constellation of literature (Khue Van Cac) in the Temple of Literature.

Hue city became the capital under Nguyen Dynasty so the development in the North was slowed down. In Thang Long, Khue Van Cac (Constellation of Literature pavilion), Ngoc Son temple and some structures were built. In contrast, the project in Hue were developed, especially, gardened- house complex. Nowaday, we still  see this distinctivedesign through the remained citadels, palaces, tomb, and homes of gardened-types in Huethat is quite different from the tube type of houses in Ha Noi.

Colonial architecture

Hanoi Opera House
Hanoi Opera House

Whilst walking around Vietnam, you may have to do a double take when suddenly being confronted with a typically French building. Architecturally, the French left their mark throughout Vietnam – all of the cities have a number of stately structures that date from colonial times and, in many cases, they carry on serving the same function as they did under the French. This kind of architecture was developed in parallel with the process of colonial exploitation of the colonialism. Particular characteristics of geographical and climatic conditions are relatively different; as a result, the European-style architecture had to have certain changes in order to harmonize Vietnam’s conditions. While many of the old French residences have crumbled badly, others have been renovated and given a new lease on life as upper crust hotels full of French trimmings or restaurants.

Modern Architecture in Vietnam

As Vietnam continues to invest in its tourist industry, all sorts of new architecture has been springing up in the country. This type of the architecture could be formed from the mid-20th century, after the exit of Vietnam’s colonial period from the French. Based on different historic conditions, the architecture in the north and the south are also subject certain effects. The development of economy as well as the process of international integration after the renewal period along with the introduction of many different architectural flows into Vietnam formed a new architectural trend. In opening stages, this architectural style much brought chaos by copying foreign architectural features.

Bitexco Financial Tower
Bitexco Financial Tower

On the whole, you have option to visit many architectural gems in Vietnam. While holidaying in the country, you can explore the architectural sites, traditional villages, colonial towns and modern cities. Don’t forget to bring your cameras!

Xuyen – bestpricevn